How It Works
Dirty liquid enters the cyclone at the inlet orifice (1) of the cyclonic chamber (3).
The shape and tangential location of the orifice develop a downward, spiraling flow of the liquid. This is called the primary whirl (4) which follows the chamber walls downward, developing centrifugal force of up to 7500 times that of gravity.
This same force spins out the solid particles to 5 microns, or .00019” diameter from the liquid. The solid particles (often referred to as swarf) strike the wall and slide down to the discharge orifice (7).
A throttling effect in the lower cyclonic chamber (6) reverses the descent of the liquid but not the rotation. This forms the secondary whirl (5), a rising, spiraling flow of cleaned liquid that passes up through the primary whirl to the whirl searcher (2).
The diameter of the whirl searcher is smaller than the secondary whirl, and the whirl searcher accepts only the center of the upward, secondary whirl flow.
The outside portion of the secondary whirl (containing impurities missed by the primary whirl) is diverted back to the primary whirl for further cleansing.
This double cleansing action is key to the efficiency of the Encyclon Cyclonic Filtration Systems.
Liquid that passes through the whirl searcher is then piped out to the clean coolant storage tank or to the machine tool.
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